History of Toy and Mini Aussies

History of Toy and Mini Aussies


The history of the AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD was developed in the UNITED STATES from a LITTLE BLUE DOG, thought to be brought over by sheepherders from Australia. Hence the Australian name shepherd, but likely was a dog from the BASQUE region of France.  THE LITTLE BLUE DOG was bred to every breed of dog.  THE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD, standard, mini or toy has only been around since the early 1930s, less than 100yrs. 

After having a Standard Aussie and breeding the MINIATURE & TOY AUSSIE, it is my opinion that the variation in the STANDARD, MINI, and TOY developed due to the other breeds of dogs that different breeders used in their programs.  STANDARD AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD breeders bred the LITTLE BLUE DOG to LARGE BREEDS,  COLLIES, Bernese/Swiss Mountain dogs, with the BIGGER IS BETTER attitude.  I think miniature breeders used medium sized breeds, border collies, shelties, etc.. and TOY breeders used toy breeds. 

Standard breeders can get a TOY once in a while from a STANDARD TO STANDARD breeding, because of the genes of the LITTLE BLUE DOG.   I look at standard Aussies and see the looks and traits of  COLLIE, Bernese Mt Dog, and have seen an "Aussie" that looked like a merle St Bernard.   I look at minis and see looks and traits of the border collie, shelties, even corgi.  I do not knowingly use a dog from non-registered "mini/toy" Aussies in my  Aussie program. It is how the breeder selectively breeds the dogs they have based on the traits of the breeding dogs and their resulting offspring, which determines how the line/breed develops.

All breeds of dogs are initially a crossbreed of other breeds, then selectively bred for specific traits or traits changed based on what the "breeders" or public wants.  The Pomeranian was once a 40lb SLED dog, is now a 10" house dog??  and merle has suddenly "mutated" into many breeds.

The Mini Aussie and Toy Aussie have not been around very long in the scheme of things, and the original registry was an "open" registry, meaning that if it looked enough like an "Aussie," then it could be registered and used for breeding with no knowledge of its parentage.  But some pedigrees have been lost for various reasons. 

Many registries started as "open"  with restrictions for registration coming about LATER and the books being "closed" unless there  XX generations of verifiable pedigree.  

Each size group also incorporated the traits and genes, good and bad, from these other breeds utilized.  Most of the health problems associated with  Aussies are from these other breeds. Most of the eye problems are COLLIE ABNORMALITIES!.  The Toy is the less herding of the three sizes because of the other breeds used.  And so far, has much fewer health problems than the other sizes because of the breeds used, and selection.   The original dog from "Australia" was a LITTLE BLUE DOG (little being the size word).  But the Standard Australian Shepherd group made it to AKC first and so only their breed/dog should exist, in their opinion.

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